How to Make an Electric Circuit? Tutorial

An electrical circuit is a system composed of elements that generate and transport electrical energy in order to transform itfor example, in light energy to power a light bulb or mechanics making a motor work, They are very useful, especially to understand how the electric current works and study its components.

If you still don’t know how to make them, don’t worry. In this article you will find super useful and easy-to-follow tutorials, so you can make a simple, homemade electrical circuit in any of its modalities.whether in series, parallel or mixed, don’t wait any longer and learn with us how to make an electrical circuit.

How to Make an Electric Circuit?

Making a simple homemade electrical circuit is very easy, in fact, this project can be done by the little ones in the house for science homework or as a fun practice, with little knowledge in electricity is enough and in this section I teach you all the steps to follow to do it.

Materials to use:

  • 4V bulb
  • Small lamp holder, the bulb must fit into it
  • 250V switch
  • 4.5V battery
  • Cables
  • Scissors or wire strippers
  • Insulating tape

Step 1.- Remove the insulation on the ends of the cable✔

Use the wire stripper or scissors to remove the insulation from the wireonly at the ends, the idea is that the copper is exposed.

Step 2.- Join the ends of the cable to the poles of the battery✔

Attach the ends of the cables to the battery; it has two poles, one positive and one negative, you must verify that the copper is in contact with both, you can help with insulating tape to fix them better.

Step 3.- Make the 1st cable-switch connection✔

Connect one of the wires to the switch, take one of the screws out of the switch and take one of the ends of the cable connecting it inside it, then screw it back on.

Step 4.- The 2nd connection must be from the switch to the lamp holder✔

Now loosen the other screw and pull out a length of wire from the switch, repeat the connection process, The free end of this cable must be connected to one of the metal legs of the lamp holder.

Step 5.- The 3rd connection is battery-lamp holder✔

Plug the other battery cable into the center of the bulb holdertake the free end of the remaining cable and connect it to the central area of ​​the cable body, tighten with two turns and use electrical tape to fix it better.

Step 6.- Place the bulb in the lamp portal and test the circuit✔

Fit the bulb into the socket and test the circuit, to do this you just have to activate the switch, you will know that it works because the bulb lights up. If everything is ok, done! your homemade electrical circuit has been finished.

How to Make an Electrical Circuit with Recyclable Materials?

Making an electrical circuit using recycling materials is possiblein fact, it is a very innovative and creative idea, so In this section I will show you how it is done and all the steps you must follow.

Materials to use:

  • LED light bulb (can be from a small lamp)
  • 3V battery
  • Large black paper clips or hangers
  • normal metal clips
  • Paperboard
  • aluminum foil
  • silicone
  • Markers, cutter and ruler

Step 1.- Make the battery module✔

Start by making the battery module, cut out a 10×10 cm cardboard square, place a large click on one of its sides and lower one of its arms.

Step 2.- Attach the battery with big clicks✔

Place the battery on top of the click arm with the positive side downhook a click on the other side of the cardboard lowering one of its arms so that it is on top of the battery. Attaches with a third click to the battery and the arm above it.

Step 3.- Identify the positive and negative poles of the battery✔

Mark with a marker the positive and negative side according to the side that touches each click on the sides and identify that it is the battery.

Step 4.- Attach the light pins to other bases and identify their poles✔

Now place the pins of the LED light horizontally and attach them with a large click on each side of another piece of cardboardkeep in mind that the longest pin is the positive side and the other is the negative, identify it on the cardboard.

Step 5.- Make the switch for the circuit✔

Place two large clicks or press papers on opposite sides of cardboard to make the switch, lower one of the arms of the click, it should not reach the one on the opposite side, if it does, look for a larger cardboard.

Step 6.- Mechanism to open and close the circuit✔

When you lower the click arm that is on the other side, it should be on top of the arm that will be permanently extendedin this way you open and close the circuit.

Step 7.- Make the cables for the circuit✔

To make the cables, cut three strips of aluminum foil 3 cm wide and 20 cm long, roll and hook each of its ends to a small click, to hold better you can use a little hot silicone.

Step 8.- Make the 1st connection with one of the cables to the positive pole of the battery✔

It’s time to connect the circuitfor this take one of the aluminum cables and clip it to the large paper clip on the positive side of the battery.

Step 9.- Attach the other end of this wire to the positive of the LED light✔

The other end of the cable attach it to the positive side of the LED light in the same way as you did with the battery.

Step 10.- Connect the negative side of the LED light to the switch✔

The second wire use it to connect the negative side of the LED light to one of the switch hooks using the same click-fastening procedure.

Step 11.- Last connection from the switch to the negative pole of the battery✔

Finally, the third cable will connect the other side of the switch with the negative pole of the battery.

Step 12.- Activate the circuit and voila! Test it works✔

Now you only have lower the arm of the large click of the switch so that the circuit is activated and voila!

How to Make an Electrical Circuit with a Switch?

An electrical circuit is a kind of path where electricity flows through a power source. that passes through a cable, reaches a light bulb that turns on automatically; the electricity returns back to the battery and It is activated through a switch, so I will show you how to do it below.

Materials to use:

  • 4.5V battery
  • 4V bulb
  • Small lamp holder, the bulb must fit into it
  • 250V switch
  • 1 meter cables
  • Scissors or wire strippers
  • Insulating tape
  • Backing carton

Step 1.- Cut and strip the wires for the circuit✔

Cut the electrical cable into three equal parts and use the wire stripper to remove the insulation from each of its ends so that the wire is exposed.

Step 2.- Fix a cable on each pole of the battery✔

Take two of the wires and attach one of their ends to each pole of the battery.that is to say one end in the positive and the other in the negative, use insulating tape to fix better.

Step 3.- Connect one of the battery poles to the switch✔

Now take one of the ends of one of these two cables and connect it to the switchfor this you must unscrew it a bit fitting the copper of the cable between the screw and the base, then screw to fit.

Step 4.- Connect the other pole to one of the ends of the lamp holder✔

With the remaining end of the cable attached to the battery you will connect to the base of the lamp holderapply electrical tape to fix better.

Step 5.- Make a connection from the lamp holder to the switch✔

The last wire use it to connect the lamp holder and switchuse electrical tape to fix the wire to the center of the lamp holder and loosen the second screw of the switch to insert the other end, screw again to tighten.

Step 6. Fit the bulb and flip the switch✔

Fit the bulb inside the lamp holder and make the circuit work by activating the switch.

How to Make an Electric Circuit in Series?

They work in a similar way to the first one, however, instead of using a light bulb there are several of these connected in series between the ends of the battery, doing it is easy and you can find the materials quickly, therefore, in this section you will find the step by step to make them.

Materials to use:

  • 12V battery or more
  • 3 4V bulbs
  • 3 lamp holders
  • switch
  • Cables
  • Wire stripper or scissors
  • Wood plank
  • Insulating tape

Step 1.- Secure the battery to the wood

Fix the battery to the wooden board using the insulating tape, Please note that you can’t cover the battery poles.

Step 2.- Cut and strip the wires to make the connections✔

Cut the cables to size using the scissorssince you need several pieces to connect the bulbs to each other and to the rest of the circuit, then remove the insulation covering the wire at its ends so that the copper is exposed.

Step 3.- Attach the terminals to the battery cables✔

Later place the terminals on one of the ends of the two cables which will be connected to the battery.

Step 4.- Make a connection from the poles to the 1st lamp holder and to the switch✔

Fix one end of the cable that will go in the negative pole to the first lamp holder. Join one end of the cable that will be connected to the positive pole of the battery to the switch.

Step 5.- Make the connections of the lamp holders and then from these to the switch✔

Connect the switch to the third lamp holder using another cable. Now connect the sockets togetherusing the rest of the cables.

Step 6.- Fix the lamp holders to the wood✔

Screw the lamp holders to the wooden board and connect the terminals of the cables to the battery.

Step 7.- Fit the bulbs, if they light up, it’s ready!✔

Fit the bulbs into the sockets and test if the series electrical circuit works, For this you just have to activate the switch. If the bulbs light up, your series electrical circuit is ready..

How to Make an Electric Circuit in Parallel?

The difference between a parallel circuit and the rest is that, in series circuits, the terminals are connected sequentially, in parallel circuits the terminals coincide with each otheryou can check this because, when you remove a light bulb, the rest will continue to light upyou can also make your own parallel circuit and in this section I will tell you how.

Materials to use:

  • 12V battery or more
  • 2 4V bulbs
  • switch
  • Cables: must measure at least one meter
  • Wire stripper or scissors
  • Wood plank

Step 1.- Cut the wires and remove the insulation from their ends✔

Cut the cable into five 20 cm pieces. Use the wire stripper to remove the insulation covering the ends wires so that the copper is exposed.

Step 2.- Make a connection from the positive pole to the left side of a light bulb✔

Take one of the wires and connect one end to the positive pole of the battery and the other end to the left side of one of the bulbs..

Step 3.- Connect from the negative pole to the switch✔

Use another cable and connect one of its ends to the negative pole of the battery and the other end to the switch.

Step 4.- Connect from the switch to the right side of a light bulb✔

With another of the cables connect one end to the switch and the other end to the right side of the bulb.

Step 5.- Connect a second bulb to the first one from the left side✔

Take another wire and connect one of its ends to the left side of the first bulb and the other to the left side of the second bulb.

Step 6.- Repeat the previous step on the right side✔

With the last of the cables repeat this procedure you just have to connect the bulbs the right side.

Step 7.- Test if the circuit works✔

Now you can test if the circuit works and for this you just have to turn on the switch.

How to make an electrical circuit with resistance?

The electrical resistance refers to all the components of the circuit that oppose giving way to the electric current and is quantified in ohms.are very useful when testing electrical circuits and in this section I will teach you how to make one using resistors.

Materials to use:

  • 3 resistors for electrical circuit of 560, 460 and 82 ohms each
  • A breadboard or breadboard
  • Black and red copper wires
  • Power or energy source (battery)

Step 1.- Place the first resistor horizontally

The way to make this circuit can be mixed, combining two resistors in parallel and one in seriesto do this start by placing the first 560 ohm resistor on one of the breadboard’s horizontal lines.

Step 2.- The second resistor is parallel to the first✔

Now place the second resistor parallel to the first, For this, the terminals of each of the resistors must be electrically connected, so must be aligned vertically.

Step 3.- Place the third resistor in series with the parallel ones connecting the pole «-«

Insert the third resistor in series with the parallel you formed with the other two, inserting it into the hole just above the right terminal of the second resistor, leaving one terminal below the other on the same vertical line.

Step 4.- Connect the “+” pole with the red cable✔

Now insert the red cable in one of the holes of the vertical line that joins the resistors in parallel, the other end of the cable will be connected to one of the holes of the upper horizontal line.

Step 5.- Connect the cables to the poles of the power supply✔

Connect the upper horizontal holes to the positive pole of the power supply.

Step 6.- Connect the power supply and voila!✔

At last, connect the holes of the lower horizontal line to the negative pole of the power supply and ready your electrical circuit with resistance is finished.

In this way we have reached the end of the article, We want to thank you for reading to the end and we hope that all these tutorials are very useful for making an electrical circuit..

To finish, we want to remind you that you can continue enjoying all the content that we prepare for you by visiting our next publications. We are waiting for you!

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